Cappadocia

Cappadocia Tours

Cappadocia Highlights Tour (09.00 – 17.00)

Meet at the hotel lobby in the morning and visit to Devrent Valley where various types of fairy chimneys are abundant. We will walk through this amazing valley. Thereafter visit Pasabagi (Monk’s Valley) with multiple stems and caps, peculiar to this area. After visiting Pasabagi, drive to Avanos which is known for the pottery, a craft dating back to the Hittite period. The red clay which is worked by local craftsmen comes from the residue in the Kizilirmak River, the longest river of Turkey. Further to the time for lunch proceed to Goreme Open Air Museum (Dark Church is excluded; entrance requires additional admission fee) to visit the churches, chapels and monasteries carved into the fairy chimneys from the 10th to the 13th centuries with frescos painted on the walls. Thereafter time to take photos in the neighbouring valleys before going back to the hotels. Please ask price

 Valleys & Underground Cities Tour (09.00 – 17.00)

Cappadocia Underground citiesMeet at the hotel lobby in the morning and visit to Rose Valley, one of the most beautiful trekking valleys in Cappadocia, and explore the famous rock- cut churches by hiking through the valley. Rest in Cavusin, an old Greek village, known for its Christian houses and churches. After having time for lunch visit Ortahısar Castle, similar to Uchisar Castle in style, where storage caves can also be observed. In the afternoon visit Kaymakli (or Ozkonak) Underground City where early Christians lived in fear and faith. On the way back visit to panoramic Pigeon Valley where pigeons contributed to the lives of locals with their manure to fertilize the vineyards. You may also like to taste Cappadocia wine in a local winery. Drive back to the hotels. Please ask price

 Cappadocia Surroundings Tour (09.00 – 17.00)

Goreme open air museumMeet at the hotel lobby in the morning and drive to Ihlara Valley, created from the ashes of the volcanic Mt. Hasan. After hiking through the valley, which is watered with Melendiz River by Belisirma, proceed to Selime with hollowed out citadel and churches where fairy chimneys rest on the steep hillside. Stop at Yaprakhisar village to take photos. In the afternoon, visit to Derinkuyu Underground Village where dwellings with stables, cellars, storage rooms, refectories, churches and wineries were used as refuges for the Christian communities. Thereafter transfer to the hotels. Please ask price

 Cappadocia Highlights With Ozkonak Underground City (09.00 – 17.00)

Cappadocia Fairy ChimneysMeeting at the Kayseri or Nevsehir Airport in the morning and drive to Cappadocia. First stop will be at Ozkonak Underground City to be followed by a visit to Devrent Valley to see the unique fairy-chimneys. Thereafter, drive on to Pasabagi (Monks Valley) to see the most interesting mushroom-shaped pinnacles. In the afternoon visit the Goreme Open Air Museum (Dark Church is excluded; entrance requires additional admission fee), where the remains of rock-cut churches and Christian settlements date back to hundreds of years. In the evening transfer to Kayseri or Nevsehir Airport for the onward flight. Please ask price

Hidden Cappadocia Tour (09.00 – 17.00)

Meeting at the Kayseri or Nevsehir Airport in the morning and drive to Cappadocia. First stop will be at Ozkonak Underground City to be followed by a visit to Devrent Valley to see the unique fairy-chimneys. Thereafter, drive on to Pasabagi (Monks Valley) to see the most interesting mushroom-shaped pinnacles. In the afternoon visit the Goreme Open Air Museum (Dark Church is excluded; entrance requires additional admission fee), where the remains of rock-cut churches and Christian settlements date back to hundreds of years. In the evening transfer to Kayseri or Nevsehir Airport for the onward flight. Please ask price

Cappadocia Special Tour (09.00 – 17.00)

Cappadocia toursMeet at the hotel lobby in the morning and visit Kaymakli (or Ozkonak) Underground City. Thereafter visit the Devrent Valley to see the unique fairy-chimneys. Drive to Pasabagi (Monk’s Valley) to see the most interesting mushroom-shaped pinnacles. In the afternoon visit Goreme Open Air Museum (Dark Church is excluded; entrance requires additional admission fee) where the remains of rock-cut churches and Christian settlements date back hundreds of years. Return to the hotel. Please ask price

Cappadocia Food & Culture Tour (09.00 – 13.00)

Cappadocia toursVisit  the remote village of Ayvali to feel like a true insider, as you’re welcomed into a villager’s home to prepare typical Anatolian meal, learn about Turkish culinary tradition while feasting on regional specialities amongst which delicate “borek” pastries (made with cheese that’s been ripened in an earthenware jug), traditional bulgur soup, yaprak sarmasi (seasoned rice wrapped in grape leaves), manti (Turkish ravioli), dolaz (a delicious fried dessert served with local honey) can be quoted, meet local men relaxing in a ‘kiraathane/traditional coffee-house” to find out the male villagers’ life style and sample wine from the Cappadocia region. After a strong Turkish coffee bid goodbye to the friendly hosts and then stroll through Ayvali’s tiny streets at which the locals may invite you for tea or homemade desserts from their kitchens. Our visit to the village may also feature a walk to the local market on the days it will be open to check out the most interesting stalls and chat to the vendors, or, if not open, walk to the village to pick your own organic fruit, or visit one of the cool storage caves. Please ask price

 2 Day Cappadocia Tour Commencing at Kayseri &Nevsehir Airport

Cappadocia toursDay 01
Arrive in Kayseri or Nevsehir Airport. Visit to Devrent Valley where various types of fairy chimneys are abundant. We will walk through this amazing valley. Thereafter visit Pasabagi (Monk’s Valley) with multiple stems and caps, peculiar to this area. After visiting Pasabagi, drive to Avanos which is known for the pottery, a craft dating back to the Hittite period. The red clay which is worked by local craftsmen comes from the residue in the Kizilirmak River, the longest river of Turkey. Further to the time for lunch proceed to Goreme Open Air Museum (Dark Church is excluded; entrance requires additional admission fee) to visit the churches, chapels and monasteries carved into the fairy chimneys from the 10th to the 13th centuries with frescos painted on the walls. Thereafter time to take photos in the neighbouring valleys before going back to the hotels (L, D)
Day 02
Optional balloon tour. Meet at the hotel lobby in the morning and visit to Rose Valley, one of the most beautiful trekking valleys in Cappadocia, and explore the famous rock- cut churches by hiking through the valley. Rest in Cavusin, an old Greek village, known for its Christian houses and churches. After having time for lunch visit Ortahısar Castle, similar to Uchisar Castle in style, where storage caves can also be observed. In the afternoon visit Kaymakli (or Ozkonak) Underground City where early Christians lived in fear and faith. On the way back visit to panoramic Pigeon Valley where pigeons contributed to the lives of locals with their manure to fertilize the vineyards. You may also like to taste Cappadocia wine in a local winery. Transfer to the airport in Kayseri or Nevsehir and end of our services (B, L).
Regular services from Kayseri or Nevsehir are valid only for the arrivals at around 09.00 and departures at around 19.00. Those that arrive earlier and depart later may need to wait at the airport.
No restrictions are available for the arrival and departure times on the private tours; however, those who arrive on later flights may be missing some parts of the program and no refund is given for the missing visits stemming from late arrivals. Please ask price

3 Day Cappadocia Tour

Cappadocia tatlarinDay 01
Arrive in Kayseri or Nevsehir Airport. Visit to Devrent Valley where various types of fairy chimneys are abundant. We will walk through this amazing valley. Thereafter visit Pasabagi (Monk’s Valley) with multiple stems and caps, peculiar to this area. After visiting Pasabagi, drive to Avanos which is known for the pottery, a craft dating back to the Hittite period. The red clay which is worked by local craftsmen comes from the residue in the Kizilirmak River, the longest river of Turkey. Further to the time for lunch proceed to Goreme Open Air Museum (Dark Church is excluded; entrance requires additional admission fee) to visit the churches, chapels and monasteries carved into the fairy chimneys from the 10th to the 13th centuries with frescos painted on the walls. Thereafter time to take photos in the neighbouring valleys before going back to the hotels (L, D)
Day 02
Optional balloon tour. Meet at the hotel lobby in the morning and visit to Rose Valley, one of the most beautiful trekking valleys in Cappadocia, and explore the famous rock- cut churches by hiking through the valley. Rest in Cavusin, an old Greek village, known for its Christian houses and churches. After having time for lunch visit Ortahısar Castle, similar to Uchisar Castle in style, where storage caves can also be observed. In the afternoon visit Kaymakli (or Ozkonak) Underground City where early Christians lived in fear and faith. On the way back visit to panoramic Pigeon Valley where pigeons contributed to the lives of locals with their manure to fertilize the vineyards. You may also like to taste Cappadocia wine in a local winery. Overnight in Cappadocia (B, L, D)
Day 03
After breakfast transfer to the airport in Kayseri or Nevsehir (B)
Regular services from Kayseri or Nevsehir are valid only for the arrivals at around 09.00 and departures at around 19.00. Those that arrive earlier and depart later may need to wait at the airport.
No restrictions are available for the arrival and departure times on the private tours; however, those who arrive on later flights may be missing some parts of the program and no refund is given for the missing visits stemming from late arrivals. Please ask price

4 Day Cappadocia Tour

GoremeDay 01
Arrive in Kayseri or Nevsehir Airport. Visit to Devrent Valley where various types of fairy chimneys are abundant. We will walk through this amazing valley. Thereafter visit Pasabagi (Monk’s Valley) with multiple stems and caps, peculiar to this area. After visiting Pasabagi, drive to Avanos which is known for the pottery, a craft dating back to the Hittite period. The red clay which is worked by local craftsmen comes from the residue in the Kizilirmak River, the longest river of Turkey. Further to the time for lunch proceed to Goreme Open Air Museum (Dark Church is excluded; entrance requires additional admission fee) to visit the churches, chapels and monasteries carved into the fairy chimneys from the 10th to the 13th centuries with frescos painted on the walls. Thereafter time to take photos in the neighbouring valleys before going back to the hotels (L, D)
Day 02
Optional balloon tour. Meet at the hotel lobby in the morning and visit to Rose Valley, one of the most beautiful trekking valleys in Cappadocia, and explore the famous rock- cut churches by hiking through the valley. Rest in Cavusin, an old Greek village, known for its Christian houses and churches. After having time for lunch visit Ortahısar Castle, similar to Uchisar Castle in style, where storage caves can also be observed. In the afternoon visit Kaymakli (or Ozkonak) Underground City where early Christians lived in fear and faith. On the way back visit to panoramic Pigeon Valley where pigeons contributed to the lives of locals with their manure to fertilize the vineyards. You may also like to taste Cappadocia wine in a local winery. Overnight in Cappadocia (B, L, D)
Day 03
Meet at the hotel lobby in the morning and drive to Ihlara Valley, created from the ashes of the volcanic Mt. Hasan. After hiking through the valley, which is watered with Melendiz River by Belisirma, proceed to Selime with hollowed out citadel and churches where fairy chimneys rest on the steep hillside. Stop at Yaprakhisar village to take photos. In the afternoon, visit to Derinkuyu Underground Village where dwellings with stables, cellars, storage rooms, refectories, churches and wineries were used as refuges for the Christian communities. Overnight in Cappadocia (B, L, D)
Day 04
After breakfast transfer to the airport in Kayseri or Nevsehir (B)
Regular services from Kayseri or Nevsehir are valid only for the arrivals at around 09.00 and departures at around 19.00. Those that arrive earlier and depart later may need to wait at the airport.
No restrictions are available for the arrival and departure times on the private tours; however, those who arrive on later flights may be missing some parts of the program and no refund is given for the missing visits stemming from late arrivals. Please ask price

undergroundcity_life

Local cuisine

Throughout you journey in Cappadocia you will enjoy the local foods that accompany the unique natural, historic and cultural heritage of the region.

Every beautiful day starts with a good breakfast where you have the chance to sample various offerings. A hot bazlama (gözleme) (thin, flat bread baked over a hot plate) served with local butter, honey, dried yoghurt, free-range eggs fried in butter, sucuk (hot, spicy sausages) or pastırma (dried meat with a spicy coating), local cheese accompanied by a glass of refreshing orange juice or local boiled and sweetened fruit juices will provide a good start to the day. Various jams as well as dried apricots and raisins provide enough energy for the coming rigours of the day.

Dinners will provide lots of different tastes. Tandır meat slowly baked in Tandır (traditional wood burning ovens), hot or cold soups of bulgur (cracked wheat), and çömlek fasulye (dried haricot beans and chopped meat braised in pots) will linger on your taste buds for a long time. In addition, Cappadocia offers yaprak sarması (stuffed vine leaves), patates salatası (patato salad), dolma mantı (ravioli-style minced meat parcels), sulu köfte (boiled meatballs in a tomato sauce), bamya (okra), testi kebap and many other tastes.

Testi Kebap

Testi Kebap

Un helvası (flour fried in butter with sugar), fırında sütlaç (rice pudding with a caramelized top), zerdali yahnisi (braised chopped meat with apricot and grape molasses), bulama (dried grape molasses), aşure (dessert made of boiled grains, beans, nuts and raisins), irmik tatlısı (semolina pudding) and hoşaf (fruit compote) will also cater for your desire.

Following dinner you can enjoy a Turkish coffee, smoke a nargile (water pipe) and listen to the birdsong or classical Turkish music.

Snowshoeing in Cappadocia

Snowshoes, developed for military reasons, are being used frequently by the mountaineers because of its providing many facilities. Snowshose enables you to walk easily on the deep snow. During the winter climbing, the mountaineers face many difficulties in walking towards the last camping spot with their heavy supplies. Walking by paving the snow is a very difficult process. The snowshoe helps the mountaineer to walk easily on the snow by extending the pressure to a wider space. The snowshoe is a device looks like a tennis racket and tied up to the shoes. The primitive forms of snowshoes are really like a tennis racket and they are made of hardwood frame with rawhide lacings.

Snowshoe of today

The snowshoes, being used by mountaineers and winter trekkers today, are made of plastic and they evolve a lot of compare to the primitive ones. The plastic snowshoes, having steel alloy frame, are very substanial. They might be used with any kind of mountain, military or skiing boots. They can also be arranged with requested sizes and lengths. Beside the ones for the flat ground snow walking, there are also models, designed for steep and broken grounds, is easy to learn walking with snowshoe although one might feel him/herself like a duck at the very beginning but after 10 – 15 minutes walking it is easy to adapt. Although the usage of snowshoe eases walking on the snow and reduces the energy that we spent , it is better that we do not forget that we walk on the snow. A bit of physical fitness will be needed for snowshoeing. One of the most characteristic of snowshoeing is your being able to reach easily to the inaccessible places during the winter.

Winter Cappadocia

Winter Cappadocia

In recent years, as a winter sport, snowshoeing is becoming very popular in Europe and America. It occurs, as an enjoyable activity especially done by the families with kids. The snowshoeing is rapidly growing up in Cappadocia as a winter activity, especially among the ones who know the beauty of Cappadocia under the snow during the winter time. If you imagine the miracle beauty of fairy chimneys under snow and being able to walking around this gorgeous view without being stick in the snow, the snowshoeing is just for you. The only thing you need to do is to get in touch with the agencies of the region, organizing snowshoeing.

Abseiling in Cappadocia

Abseiling, meaning rope drown or descent down a rope, is a new brand outdoor sport. It started in New Zealand at the beginning of 1990’s. At that time, the idea was landing with certain descent by jumping tided up from a flat surface cliff. Like this it was like a commando rock landing. However later on these landings received a new form by the sporty being face down and running down from the spot. This new form called as abseiling really asked for high level of adrenalin. The one who will be doing abseiling first position him/herself on the rock parallel to the ground and then as she/he release the rope with hands, starts to run down. At a short distance to the ground she/he should stop running and stop.




With this new form abseiling became very popular in a short time period. As it became popular, reformations in the concept started. It became a sport for everyone not only for the ones who are in love with adrenaline. The face down running is replaced by safer flat landings. After its evolution today abseiling is a world wide sport. In abseiling, the sporty that goes down, does not climb again therefore it is important to have trekking racecourses around the abseiling places to go up once again.

Abseiling equipments




The basic supply of abseiling is the climbing harness which will be used to tie up the descender. The round carbine, which gathers the harness, should be in “maillon rapid” shape. Most of the harnesses have their own collar. The two locked carbine is tied up to maillon rapid on the harness. One of them is for figure eight and the other is to fix the security rope. Instead of figure eight, descender can be used in abseiling. Actually usage of descenders is safer and easier. As you push the latch of descender you may go down, as you stop pushing it the system will lock itself automatically and you hang on the rope. Namely it is impossible to fall down if you are using descender. The other standart equipment in abseiling is the helmet. Without a helmet the landing cannot be performed. It is needed as a precaution for possible stone fall offs and head hitting because of the skidding.

Uchisar Castle

Uchisar Castle

Abseiling in Cappadocia

Some of the outdoor activity agencies in Cappadocia include abseiling in their programs. To do abseiling you do not need to be experienced. To trust in the system, to get to know the equipments and a little bit courage will be enough for you to try. You will have 30 minutes training on the ground or 2-3 meters high wall and then you will be able to enjoy this sport. Abseiling in Cappadocia is being done with double rope safety system, without middle stops and 30-40 meters high block landings. The rock block of Ishak Castle in Ortahisar is one of the most current places. The landing is performed through the Roman grave and with the decoration of Ortahisar Castle in the historical atmosphere of the area. The total of the landing is 62 m.



Yılanlı church (Church with snake)

Yılanlı church is the one with long corridor and low ceiling. It takes its name from the scene on the wall that Saint George and Saint Theodore killed the snake and dragon. There are also scenes that animated Emperor Constantine and his mother Saint Helena. Another interesting scene is about Saint Onuphrius. This saint had an imaginary life in a desert near Thebes in Egypt. He was painted in long gray beard  and one dress with the leaf of laurel.

St. Barbara church

It takes its name for a Saint from Egypt that was prisoned in order to take away from Christianity by her father. Despite all efforts to prevent, Barbara would do every necessities for Christianity and then she would be killed with torture by her father. The church which was built in 11th century was decitaded to the Christian saint as a martyr. The architecture of the church is similar to Carikli Church. Interior part is in the shape of a cross and there is a dome in the middle. Christ was painted in his throne on the dome and natural red colour was applied to the rock. On the north walls of the church, Saint George and Saint Theodore were painted by fighting on their horses against a dragon.

St. Barbara Church

St. Barbara Church

Elmali church

Elmali Church is a small cave church. It was built approximately in 1050 AD in the shape of four crosses . The restoration was completed in 1991. Nevertheless the destruction of frosces could not be prevented. There are scenes that tell the martyrs of Christianity, saints and priests. There is also the picture of fish with Greek letters. The name of the church is thought as having given with the scene that Michael the angel has an apple on his hand or with an apple tree near the church.




Elmali Church

Elmali Church

Practical information for Cappadocia

Emergencies;
Ambulance: 112
Police: 155
Fire: 110
Military Police: 156
Wake up calls: 444 11 35

When to go;
Cappadocia has a different beauty for each season of the year, be it in the cold of the winter or under the hot summer sun. Pick a season that suits your age and taste. The temperatures in winter are – / + 5 and in summer range between 15 to 30 degree celsius. Since it is an inland climate there is not much difference between temperatures in winter and summer.  Generally younger people choose summer and older and middle aged ones the spring and autumn months. There are those who also like the summer heat and the cold of the winter.

Winter at Cappadocia

Winter at Cappadocia

Getting there;
By plane; There are two airports at the Cappadocia area. Flights land at the Kayseri Erkilet Airport (ASR) and / or Nevsehir Kapadokya Airport (NAV). After a one hour trip on a shuttle bus will you get to the region.
By bus; There are regular buses to the region from Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Antalya, Adana and many other cities. The number departures increases during the tourism season. There are also many short package tours including accommodation, that can be booked from agents in the southern holiday resorts and Antalya.

Formation of fairy chimneys

The strange formation named as fairy chimneys occured as abrading of tuff layer by winds and stream of torrent that flowed down from hills. Because stream of torrent found the way itself, it caused the crack of the hard rocks and their breaking off. By having hollowed the substances that stood down and could be eroded easily out, the side moved backward. So conical shaped bodies occured which can protect itself from being eroded with the hat on its upper part. Existing mostly in Psabagi, fairy chimneys with hats have conical shaped bodies and rock blocks on upper parts. Body consist of huge rocks that came into being by tuff, tuffet and ash of a volcano. The hat part consist of hard rock such as lahars and ignimbrite. In other words, rock that forms the hat is stronger than rock that forms body. It is the first condition for the formation of a fairy chimney. Dependent upon the resistance of rock that forms the hat, fairy chimneys cab have long life span or short one. The types of fairy chimneys formed by erosion in Cappadocia are one with hat, one in conical, one in mushroom shape, one in columnand sharp rock. Fairy chimneys are intensively on the valleys among the triangle of AvanosUchisar – Ürgüp, in the area between Ürgüp and Şahinefendi, near the town Çat in Nevşehir, on the walley Soganlı in Kayseri, near the village Selime in Aksaray.

Cappadocia Fairy Chimneys

Cappadocia Fairy Chimneys

Except for fairy chimneys, strange curls formed by rain drops on the slopes of hills give a different perspektive for the region. The colour harmony which can be seen on some slopes happens because of heat differences of the lava layers. These formations can be observed in Ürgüp, Uchisar, Cavusin, Güllüdere, Göreme, Meskendir, Ortahisar, Kızılçukur and pancarli.

Urgup mosques

Esbelli Mosque

Esbelli Mosque was built in 1814 and restored in 1895. The mosque belongs to Ottoman period (Sultan Osman the Young). The part in arch was mended in 1996. It is small and in the view of a small mosque. The mosque which was built by stone cutting over six arhes has four columns. The door which was one wing and wooden round arch is the entrance point for the courtyard. The floor of the courtyars was covered by cutting stones. The part on the direction of Mecca was used for summer and there is mihrab there. There is an entrance door for mosque that is two winged and in arch shape. Because there was no area for woman, a new part was added on an arch later. There is also a fountain. The minare of a mosque was made of small cutting stones with four feet.