Welcome to Cappadocia Turkey

Welcome to Cappadocia Turkey

Cappadocia Turkey

Cappadocia which is unique in the world and is a miraculous nature wonder is the common name of the field covered by the provinces of Aksaray, Nevsehir, Nigde, Kayseri and Kirsehir in the Central Anatolian region.

In the upper Myosen period in the Cappadocia region as a result of the vulcanic eruptions occurred in Erciyes, Hasandag and Gulludag, in the region was formed a large tableland from the vulcanic tufas and together with the erosion of the Kizilirmak river and wind over ten thousands of years there appeared the chimney rocks which are a wonder of the nature. In the old Bronze Age the Cappadocia which was the population zone of the Assyrian civilization later has hosted the Hittite, Frig, Pers, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman civilizations. The first Christians escaped from the persecution of the Roman Empire in the 2nd century B.C. came to the Cappadocia over the Antakya and Kayseri and they have settled here. The first Christians finding the underground cities from Cappadocia have been hidden in these underground cities which gates were made in such way in which they couldn’t be easily observed and they have escaped from the persecution of the Roman soldiers. Due that they had live in the underground cities for long duration without being able to go out they have developed these underground cities by making provisions rooms, ventilation chimneys, wine production places, churches, abbeys, water wells, toilets and meeting rooms.

In the prehistoric periods the first human settlements have begun and the humans have constructed the underground cities in the volcanic rocks in form of tufa due to protect themselves from the wild animals and they lived for long times in these underground cities. There are so many underground cities on the Cappadocia area of Turkey but the biggest is Derinkuyu Underground City.

Urgup , Cappadocia Turkey

In these cities made in form of rooms connected to each others some of the rooms were connected to each other only with the tunnels tight and permitting passing of just a person. At the access gates of these tunnels there were huge stone rollers used for closing the tunnels for security reasons.

The first populations of the region of Cappadocia were Hatties, Luvies and Hittites. In the 3000-2000 years B.C. the Assyrians have established trade colonies in this region. The Cappaddocian tables with cuneiform in Assyrian language founded at Kanes which are lighting the social and politic life of the period and were in the same time the trade and economical agreements are the firs written tablets of Anatolia. According to these documents in that period in Anatolia were founded small local kingdoms non-depending from a central authority. These had in generally in their hands a little area and were living in peace. The region creating the core of the Hittite Empire later has go under the domination of Phrigia and Pers. The Pers civilization has called this region Katpatuka and its center was Mazaka. When Datames the Satrab (Starab: little district administrator at Pers) of Cappadocia has bear arms against the biggest king of Pers, the other Anatolian Satrabs have been supported him but the revolt has been raided. In 33 b.c. the Big Alexander has captured a big part of Cappadocia. In 188 B.C. The Cappadocia which entered under the Roman domination has been captured in 100 B.C. by the Mithridatesd the king of Pontus but in 63 B.C. Pompeius has defeated Mithridates and took again the Cappadocia under the domination of Rome. In the period of Tiberius the Cappadocia gainded the status of Roman district.

Cappadocia from Istanbul

Cappadocia was one of the most important places in the spreading periods of the Christian religion. The first christians trying to escape from the Roman soldiers who wanted to avoid the spreading of the Christian religion have settled in the region of Cappadocia which was so suitable for hiding and so they were able to continue their natures and to spread their religions. Saint Basileious from Kaisera and Saint Gregorios from Nyssa had settled in Cappadocia. In 647 A.C. together with occupation of Kayseri by Muaviye Cappadocia has met with the Arabian invasions. Cappadocia which went under the domination of the Seljuks in 1072 has been added to the lands of Ottoman Empire in 1399 by the Ottoman Sultan Yildirim Beyazit.

Goreme Open Air Museum

For simplify your tour you may divide the Cappadocia area into four section. Urgup and surrounds, Goreme and surrounds, Avanos and surrounds, Guzelyurt and surrounds. Dont forget to take a map with you. For a more detailed guide you can buy Cappadocia, life and travel guide, by Peribacasi Pblishing or Moon Spotlight Cappadocia by Jessica Tamturk.

Cappadocia which is in our days one of the most important tourism centers of Turkey and Cappadocia balloon tour on of the most popular balloon tour center of the world is visited every year by millions of tourists coming from every part of the world. I think Cappadocia is the best destination of the World.

How can you go to Goreme from Cappadocia Airports

Do you want to go to cappadocia? We can help you! If you need help please write here as a comment.

4 thoughts on “Welcome to Cappadocia Turkey

  1. Premsiri Deva

    We are 10 people from Thailand who plan to visit Turkey in May this year.
    The tour agency suggested hotel in Cappadocia “Suhan”. I went thru the reviews and they are not impressive at all.
    Can you recommend a good hotel 4-5 star hotel for our group? So I can suggest to the agency, if the rate is not different maybe they can change for us?

    Many thanks,
    Best regards,
    Premsiri

    Reply
  2. Ank

    Hi, I’m going to visit cappadocia on 21st July 2014. I wanted to know, if we can easily get the taxis or buses to travel to the touristic destinations there?? Or I need to take some tour packages only?? Also the entrance fees (if any) for such places? Also please suggest me the best place to do hot air balloning and the ticket fares please???????

    Reply
  3. Raúl Guerra Font

    Voy a viajar con mi señora a Estambul el 26 de febrero de 2015. Y tengo intenciones de ir a conocer Capodoccia. Quisiera saber el precio de los vuelos y los horarios. Y allí en Capodoccia si se puede contratar una excursión para conocer los lugares turísticos.
    Agradezco respuesta
    Muchas gracias

    Reply
  4. Enrique Patiño

    I am mexican. I want to go from Istanbul to Capadoccia by plane. how can I have information about tours all inclusive? how many days are required to have a nice trip tour? Thanks in advance for your comments.

    Reply

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