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Cappadocia lover person.

Trekking in the Ihlara Valley

During the trekking which should start at the Ihlara Village  one gets to see the rock-carved chambers and churches on both sides of the valley as one proceeds along the bends of the river. Until the point where the stairs at the entrance to the valley start one should keep to the left strand.

 The church one arrives at here is the Kemer Church on the right of the valley, which is followed by Egritas Church. Egritas Church has single row and rectangular plan. There is a seperate chamber connected to the burial rooms to the West of the suspension vaulted structure. It was stated on the inscription on the eastern Wall of the church, that the church one of the oldest of valley, was dedicated to Mother Mary. The depictions on the frescos include Jesus Christ enthroned between two angels, Annunciation, Visitation, Nativity, dream of Joseph, Flight into Egypt, Baptism, and Arrival in Jaruselam an deven though they are seriously worn, their vivid colors are still attarctive.

As one proceeds in the valley, two more churches are seen. The first one of these is Kokar Church has one floor and a cross-shaped plan. The depictions on the froscoes dated to late 9th and late 11th centuries, are rich in number. The frescoes which depict The Last Supper, Crucifixion, Entombment, Ascension and the Apostles in thematic unity are especially interesting. The decorations in the two burial chambers of the church are among the first examples of the use of red dye.

One of the Cappadocia Churches
One of the Cappadocia Churches

After Kokar Church in the valley, there is Pürenliseki Church. Pürenliseki Church consists of four rock-carved chambers. There are graves on the nartex floor. The frescoes here are dated to early 10th and 12th centuries. Major scenes from the childhood of Jesus Christ and from the Bible such as the Prophecy, Mary and priests, Annunciation, Vvisitation, the Shepherds are depicted.

Monastery valley

 The Monastery Valley located in downtown  Guzelyurt, is a 5.5 km long valley featuring rock carved churches, chapels and underground cities.

 The traces of early monastery life can be observed in Monastery Valley.  The theologian from Nenezi, St. Gregorious Theologos, chose Guzelyurt as his base in the 4th century and worked to spread Christianity in Anatolia. Accordingly, the early monasteries founded in Guzelyurt very efficiently reflect the characteristics of that age. Of the 28 churches in the valley, 17 have single halls, 7 have double, and 1 has three halls, while 1 has a free plan and 2 have cross shaped plans. Again, of the 7 main church plans seen in Cappadocia , 5 can be seen in the churches in Guzelyurt.

Many churches and underground cities including Kilise Camii (Church Mosque), Sivisli Church, Papaz Evi (Priest House), Kalburlu Church, Komurlu Church, Hacı Saadet Koc Church, Cafarlar Church, Comlekci Church, Meryem Church, located in the valley are important historical structures from the Byzantium period

St. Mercurius underground city and church

The second underground city in Saratlı Village, St. Mercirius Underground City and Church have peculiar features.

While the site was frequently used around 250. A.D. when Christianity was forbidden, its use in that period was mostly for shelter. St. Mercurius was a military officer who lived between 225 – 250 A.D. He was born in Cappadocia during the Roman period and was exiled to Cappadocia after his declaration of his Christian faith. He was decapitated in the region and his corpse was sent to Egypt.

There are seven floors in the underground city, three of them have been cleared for touristic visits. The entrance is through a Seljuk period inn known as Develik among the local people. Access to other floors is through corridors and chambers, while all passageways lead to the church. Altough the churches in underground cities are usually small, the church here is about the size of a cathedral. In the church, there is a seperate chamber accommodation the graves of some children and adults.

The church was used as a church until late periods. There are graves in the church. During the excavations in the church, about 20 graves belonging to children and adults were unearthed and most of them still had bones inside. In one of the graves, the skeletons of a male and a female were found on top of each other. There are various engravins of the cross in the church. The site was used mainly used mainly during the Eastern Roman period.

Storage jars were also found in the city. In one corner of the city, there is a tomb known as Develi Chamber where local people do offerings. In the chamber next to this one, there can be seen embossed images of ducks or swans carved into the stone wall.


Heart of Cappadocia.

The temperature of the waters springing from the drilling well on the lake shore reaches 65 degrees Celcius and the water has healing qualities for many health conditions. Narlıgöl is extremely rich in calcium, sodium and bicarbonate content. The springs here are used in the treatment of various illnesses. A bath in Acıgöl is perfect remedy for various rheumatism and skin diseases, especially for psoriasis. It provides an opportunity for helitheraphy when used in the proper dose. It improves skin regeneration and blood circulation. The waters also decrease vein pressure and blood pressure, as well as helping those who suffer from edema, cardiovasculer problems, high blood pressure, rheumatism, and neurological conditions.

In addition to the hotel built at the entrance to the lake area, another construction is also in progress. With its natural splendor, Narlıgöl is on its way to become a major thermal tourism center in Cappadocia.

In addition to its thermal wealth, Narlıgöl is dazzling visitors with its splendid nature scenery. As a result of the recent decreasing of the water level in the lake, Narlıgöl now has the shape of a heart and this unique romantic view is another beauty offered bu Narlıgöl.



Pigeon valley

On the east of Uchisar, Pigeon (Guvercinlik) Valley is the largest and highest valley in Uchisar area. One side of the valley reaches the highway between Nevsehir and Urgup, and the other side reaches Goreme. Stream bed at the last point of the valley continues to Avanos and the Red River. Total lenght of the valley is 4 km. The creek that flows in the middle of the valley was known as Vacillius Creek. Inhabitants still use this name that was derived from St. Basillius.

There are pigeon houses (in Turkish guvercinlik) that give the name of the valley. The people in Uchisar hollowed pigeon houses on the slope of the valley opposite their town. They fed pigeons and used the ordures of them in gardens and vineyards. You can go in these houses which were abandoned and see nest crates and traditional adornments while you have a walking on the valley. There are also small orchards which belonged to the people Uchisar.

Vacillius Creek formed several natural tunnels in the valley. For walking, these tunnels are used. As an entrance for the valley, the ways are from Goreme or Nevsehir.

Having a walk in the valley in summer is a pleasure. While you are walking to Goreme from Uchisar, you can see the sources of Asbab Fountains those woman in Uchisar washed their clothes. If you follow the route for left, you pass Sariusak Fairy Chimneys as the first fountain. After you continue walking from Down Quarter, Tigraz Castle as the second biggest castle of Uchisar stands on you. When you are close to Goreme from valley, you can see close churchs on the left. These natural and historical beauties in the valley form the most mysterious and joyful part of the Cappadocia tour.

Other valleys in Uchisar are Kermil (Gemil) nearly 5 km, Karankemer, nearly 4 km, and baglidere, nearly 2 km valleys. Karankemer, Baglidere and Pigeon Valley reach Goreme on the north. Kermil (Gemil) valley reach Kizilcukur in Ortahisar which is on the southeast of Uchisar. It is the biggest valley in Uchisar.



Saratlı kırkgöz underground city

The recently popular Saratli Kirkgoz Underground city is 50 km away from Nevşehir and only 22 km from Aksaray. Three layers of Saratli Kirkgoz Underground City was cleared and opened for visitors in 2001. In addition to toilets, bathrooms, storage rooms and a total of 40 rooms, unlike the other underground cities in Cappadocia, the city has a ventilation system. It is believed that the city has seven layers.

With the sliding security gates made of millstones, which outsiders cannot recognize as gates, Saratli Kirkgoz underground city is drawing more attantion each day.

Saratli was e major settlement during the Roman Period. Early Christians had sought refuge in Cappadocia to escape from Roman opperssion and had built the underground cities to protect themselves from wars. In Saratli they would sustain their community until the danger was gone, sometimes a week, sometimes a month later.

Water was obtained from the wells and cisterns and bread was collectively made in the city. While illumination was provided by oil lamps, oxygen intake would be through ventilation chimneys.

At the entrance of the city there is an area that was used as stable with 14 mangers for straw. In a connected second area 7 mangers were discovered.

On the second floor accessed by tunnels, there is a water well with a depth of 10 m. In addition to a ventilation chimney above the water well, an oven is dug into the floor next to the well. In the areas connected to this, there are 3 rooms and tunnels leading in different directions from these were left uncompleted.

As one proceeds from the 2nd floor to the 3rd area in which there is a water well known as Kuyulu Dam is accessed through a tunnel. There is one room to the right of the well and 2 in the left.

With its landscape planning, illumination, well-preserved state, and due to its location at the entrance of Cappadocia and on the Silk Road, Saratli Kirkgoz Undergorund City is now a favorite of tourists coming to the region. On some days the city becomes packed with tourists when several tour busses arrive at the same time, Therefore the second underground city in Saratli, namely St. Mercurius provides a good alternative.

Of 7 layers of the underground city, 3 have been cleared for touristic use. The entrance is through a Seljuk period inn, known as Develik among the local people. Access to other layers is through corridors and chambers, while all passageways lead to the church. Altough the churches in underground cities are usually small , the church here is about the size of a cathedral. In the church, there is a separate chamber accommodation the graves of some children and adults.

The church was used as a church until late periods. There are graves in the church. During the excavations in the church, about 20 graves belonging to children and adults were unearthed and most of them still had bones inside. In one of the graves, the skeletons of a male and a female were found on top of each other. There are various engravings of the cross in the church. The site was used mainly during the Eastern Roman period.

Storage jars were also found in the city. In one corner of the city, there is a tomb known as Develi Chamber where local people do offerings. In the chamber next to this one, there can be seen embossed images of ducks or swans carved into the stone wall.

St. Mercurius Underground City and church, togother with Saratli Kirkgoz Underground City, is one of the most popular destinations for tourists in Cappadocia.

Cankiri province

Çankırı is located in the north of Central Anatolia, between the Kızılırmak (Red river) and Western Black sea basins. Surrounded by Ankara and Kırıkkale to the south, Bolu to the west, Kastamonu and Karabük to the north and Çorum to the east, the city encompasses an area of 7490 square kilometres. With its forests, plateaus, numerous thermal springs and glorious snow capped mountains which have been the source of inspiration for many poems, Çankırı offers a wide range of nature activities such as camping, caravanning, trekking, horse riding, climbing, cycling and hunting. Admirable Tuz Magarası (Salt cave), Koca Meşe (Big oak), preserved historical and culturel assets and traditional hospitality of friendly people are the other attractions that make the city special for those seeking to leave the stressful urban life behind and to become one with nature while experiencing the city’s nostalgic atmosphere.

Information related to the prehistoric periods of Cankırı is insufficent due to the limited scientific excavations and archeological surface explorations. However, foregoing research states that history of humanity began in Cankırı in the middle paleolithic period and have proceeded without interruption since the chatcolithic period. During the early bronze age (3000 – 2000 B. C.), Hattians, the local people of Anatolia governed as principalities, maintened their sovereignty in the region until the Hittite occupation the early years of the 17th century B.C.. Hittites took over the control of the region and founded an empire.

Dating back to the Hittite period, many mounds have been found in Çankırı. Inandıktepe Mound is one of them. The excavations at the Inandıktepe Mound have brought to light the early Hittite period works togother with the sacred Hittite vase and the Endowment Document in cuneiform, revealing the importance of the settlements of the period. On the vase that have embossed motifs, all stages of the sacred wedding ceramony are described in a regular order from down to up. It is one of the unique examples representing the illustrated vase art of Early Hittite period.

Hittite Empire collapsed and receded to the Southeast Anatolia as a result of the migration of sea tribes. Since then from now on the region stayed under the control of respectively Phrygian, Cimmerian, Lydian, Persian, Paphlagonian, Roman and Byzantine states. Finally Seljuk and Ottoman Empires took the control of the region.

Throughout its history, the city has been known by many names. In the Hellenistic and Roman periods the name of the city was Gangra, it was also cited as Germanicopolis in Roman Period. It was named as Kanghari and Kengiri in Ottoman period and finally it took the name of Çankırı i Republican period.

Çankırı Museum

Çankırı museum was opened in a part of the Public Eduction building in 1972. On August 23, 1981 it took its present place on the second floor of 100. Yıl Cultural Centre. The Museum Collection includes archaeological and ethnographical works bolonging to Early Bronze Age, Hittite, Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman periods.

In the central district Yapraklı, since 1977, scientific excavations have been conducting jointly by Çankırı Museum and University of Ankara, Faculty of Language, History and Geography. The excavations revealed animal fossils (perissodactyla, artiodactyla, proboscidea, and monkey) dated to 7-8 million years ago, the Late Miocene Period. Rarely found Hominoid fossils were also discovered in the area during the excavations. Moreover, in 2006, a skull belonging to the ancestors of saber-toothed tiger was found. All these fossils are on display in the museum.

Taş Mescit (Stone School)

The school started to be built in 1886, entered into service in 1893 under the name of Idadi Mektep (Senior High School). The two storey and cut stone building is located in the central district and still serves as the High School of Fine Arts. The most important feature of the building is that Atatürk was hosted in a class of this school during his travel throughout the country for Hat Reform. The class in which Atatürk was hosted in August 31, 1925 was furnished in accordance with the present capabilities and converted into Atatürk Room.

Civitcioglu Madrasa

The Civitcioglu Madrasa located in the city centre dates back to the 17th century. Standing in a courtyard, the building has two storeys and cabins lined next to each other from east to the west. Today it serves as the center in which traditional Turkish adornment art is performed and produced.

Bugdaypazarı Madrasa

The madrasa, built in 18th century, is setin the courtyard of Bugdaypazarı Mosque in the city center. The two storey wooden building was built on a stone basement wall and consist of cabins lined from north to south.

Clock Tower

The clock, made in Switzerland, was brought to Çankırı in 1886 and it was placed on a square planned and rectangular bodied tower. Located in a central position, the tower has a height of 15 m. There is a balcony on its upper part and on four sides there are clock faces.

The Salt Cave

The cave is located 20 km far from the central district and it includesthe biggest rock sat reserves of Turkey, which are thought to have been exploited since the Hittite Period. The cave consists of cavities which have been slotted to obtain salt. Visitors while wandering in these cavities suppose themselves as in a modern tunnel of highway.

The cave encompassing an area of 100 hectare is composed of many galleries. There are salt stalactites and stalagmites in patches. Mineral salt derived from this cave is processed in salt factories in the city and marketed as table salt or industrial salt throughout the country. The cave is targeted to be introduced as a tourism attraction by Governorship of Çankırı with the lounch of Crystal Art Gallery project which will involve sculptures and reliefs belonging to various periods in history. Within the frame of this project, salt sculptures have been started to be exhibited in the cave.

Another feature of this cave which makes it interesting is the donkey in it. About 250 years ago a villager comes to the cave to get some salt. But his donkey staying in the cave for several years constitutes an interesting scene for the visitors. The Salt Cave with its stable heat and moisture rates is a beneficial environment for patients who have asthma and efforts to introduce the cave to health tourism are continuing.

Cavundur Thermal Springs

Set on Cavundur townof Kursunlu district, the thermal spring is very near to Istanbul – Samsun highway, Kursunlu and at a distance of 90 km from Cankırı. There are many accommodation options in the resort.

47 litres water spring from the source per second which has a temperature of 54 degrees centigrade. Because of its natural temperature, its thermal waters are used to cure painful illnesses. Thanks to its alkalic content, it can be used as drinking cures.

Karlik Evi Hotel

Karlik Evi is a boutique hotel, situated in a place with the most beautiful panoramic view of Cappadocia, it has Yoga and Meditation Salon , Art and Craft Centre, a small farm and a wide field where Ecological agriculture takes place. It has also an 80-person Meeting Hall, 20 seperate rooms which change from 45 to 110 m² and Honeymoon suites uniquely decorated. Constructed
with lava stones , our rooms are perfect for listening to the silence, sitting in the jakuzi sipping your wine to throw off the weariness of the day while watching the Uchisar Castle and Kizilcukur Valley. If you want to experience the Anatolian Culture and be accommodated with the Uchisar hospitality , KarlikEvi is waiting for you and your guests.

Hotel Karlikevi
Hotel Karlikevi

Turbel hotel

Turbel Motel, located in Cavusin village enjoying aprime position with great views of the surrounding area and the old cavusin village, has been converted from a local farm house into a nice hotel.

The panoramic view of its restaurant extends on theancient village troglodyte and towards the other villages of Cappadoce (Avanos, Göreme, Uchisar).

The Turbel motel is a good base for many excursions to following sites; Pasabagi, Zelve, the pink valley, thered valley, the rose valley. Often public transportation services (dolmus) makes it possible toreach all the other sites of Cappadocia.

How to Come The very calm hotel is located at CAVUSIN, typical village in full heart of Cappadoce.
Road accesses eases. To 3 kms of GÖREME. Airport of KAYSERI Parks railway KAYSERI A 60 kms
Rooms: – All with hot water, Concues in the local tradition, Ceilings drink some for a betterventilation, 5 rooms with bath-tub – WC, 9 rooms with shower – WC, 4 rooms troglodytes in thecourse of installation, 5 rooms voutees.

Turbel Hotel
Turbel Hotel

Yıldız cave hotel

Since 1989 Yildiz Hotel receved is guests without any pretention in a typical Turkish house surrounding by a lovely garden ( 2000 m2 )where the breakfast is provided. There is 19 strandart rooms, 3 suit rooms ( all with private bath room) 1 indoor restourant with a fire place. You will always be wellcomed in this small family hotel.

In Anatolian House, For Turkish hospitable.

Yıldız cave hotel
Yıldız cave hotel