Gumusler Monastery Nigde
Nigde Province is situated in the southeast of Turkey’s Central Anatolian Region. Situated at an altitude of 1229 metres the population of Nigde Province, according to the general 2007 census, is 331,667 Nigde has Aksaray, Nevsehir, Kayseri and Konya as neighbours with the Bolkar Mountains to the south, the province of Icel to the southeast and the Aladaglar Mountains to the east forming natural borders that separate it from the province of Adana. As for the districts of Camardi and Ulukisla, they are counted as being in the Mediterranean region.
Thermal springs, historical sites, beautiful scenery, opportunities for mountaineering and winter sports and a rich history are the elements that give this beautiful town the possibility of being an important travel destination.
The fundamental source of the locals’ income is agriculture and animal husbandry. The Nigde Central Industrial Centre, the Bor Leather Industrial Centre and the Birko Sheep Corporation and other trades are important occupations for the local people. Nigde Province is top of the list in the country in the number of apple trees it boasts. This province provides 25% of the potato production of the whole country. It is an important centre of traditional handicrafts. The carpets made in the Nigde are sold all over the world. It’s proximity to the Capital Ankara, it’s being located in Cappadocia, it’s wealth of history and it’s natural beauty all go towards making this pretty Anatolian town something special. Ecemis Waters and the Ulu river are important rivers.
Nigde consists of 6 districts: Central, Altunhisar, Bor, Camardi, Ciftlik and Ulukisla. The Leather Trade Centre of Bor, the mountain houses of Camardi and the hot springs of Ulukisla play important roles in the economic and social development of Nigde province. Nigde History >> Nigde Museum >>
Nigde, a city of the Central Anatolia Region, bears witness to a continuous habitation from the Paleolithic Period right up to the modern day. There is much evidence of the groups and civilisations involved in thousands of years of cultural accumulation. In museums can be found irrefutable proof of these cultures and civilisations and a wealth of unique artworks are restored, protected and displayed therein. In this context the Nigde Museum of Anatolian Archaeology is a good example of the variety and distinction of the artworks to be found.
The Museum in Nigde has its origins in 1939 when operations began in the Akmedrese. During the Second World War the madrasa was used as a storage facility for the Istanbul Museum of Archaeology. After restoration Nigde Museum was established in 1957; it was opened to visitors and began its own displays and exhibitions.
The museum was moved to a new building in 1977 and its first exhibition there opened on the 20th November 1982. This continued until the 16th November 1999. Realising there was a need to display the many and unique objects found in ongoing excavations in a contemporary and sympathetic way the museum underwent an overhaul. On completion of these works the museum opened to the public again on the 20th November 2001.
The latest exhibition was entered by the Ministry as a candidate for “European Museum of the Year 2003”. And although it was short listed by the committee that came from Germany and France it did not win an award. This year it has been selected as a pilot case by the US World Culture Heritage Protection Fund, one of the aims of the project is to re-render all the artefacts in a digital format. This process is an example of how Turkish museums are progressing.
In the Nigde Museum can be found 6 saloons that present the archaeology of Central Anatolia chronologically. The vast majority of the artefacts on display are from ongoing excavations in the region.
The ancient name for Nigde was “NAHITA”. The artefacts found at the Kaletepe Obsidian Workshops date back to 600,000 B.C.
There are ongoing excavations at: the Kaletepe Obsidian Workshops, Bahceli Kösk Mound, Ciftlik Tepecik Mound, Pinarbasi Mound, the Tin Mine Quarry discovered at Camardi Kestel and at the Göltepe of Madenci Köyü. These projects demonstrate that Nigde was first settled 10,000 years ago and that there have been civilisations in Nigde continuously since then to the present day.
From Assyrian and Hittite written documents and from the work going on at the Porsuk Mound excavation we learn that Hittite rule began in 1,800 B.C. and continued for a thousand years. In 710 B.C. the region passed eventually from Hittite to Assyrian sovereignty and after the Assyrians it passed to the Phrygians. In the period up to becoming Roman in 17 B.C. the region was home to the Medines, the Persians, the Hellenistic Cappadocia Kingdom of Alexander and the Kingdom of Pergamum. When in 395 A.D. the Roman Empire split into two Nigde became part of East Roman (Byzantine) lands.
The Turks began arriving in Anatolia in 1071 as the Seljuk Dynasty and continued to expand until 1308. In 1470 the region was definitively under the rule of the Ottoman Empire and remained so until the emergence of the Turkish Republic. Nigde Museum >>