Central Anatolia

Nigde Province

Gumusler Monastery

Gumusler Monastery Nigde

Nigde Province is situated in the southeast of Turkey’s Central Anatolian Region. Situated at an altitude of 1229 metres the population of Nigde Province, according to the general 2007 census, is 331,667 Nigde has Aksaray, Nevsehir, Kayseri and Konya as neighbours with the Bolkar Mountains to the south, the province of Icel to the southeast and the Aladaglar Mountains to the east forming natural borders that separate it from the province of Adana. As for the districts of Camardi and Ulukisla, they are counted as being in the Mediterranean region.

Thermal springs, historical sites, beautiful scenery, opportunities for mountaineering and winter sports and a rich history are the elements that give this beautiful town the possibility of being an important travel destination.

The fundamental source of the locals’ income is agriculture and animal husbandry. The Nigde Central Industrial Centre, the Bor Leather Industrial Centre and the Birko Sheep Corporation and other trades are important occupations for the local people. Nigde Province is top of the list in the country in the number of apple trees it boasts. This province provides 25% of the potato production of the whole country. It is an important centre of traditional handicrafts. The carpets made in the Nigde are sold all over the world. It’s proximity to the Capital Ankara, it’s being located in Cappadocia, it’s wealth of history and it’s natural beauty all go towards making this pretty Anatolian town something special. Ecemis Waters and the Ulu river are important rivers.

Nigde consists of 6 districts: Central, Altunhisar, Bor, Camardi, Ciftlik and Ulukisla. The Leather Trade Centre of Bor, the mountain houses of Camardi and the hot springs of Ulukisla play important roles in the economic and social development of Nigde province. Nigde History >> Nigde Museum >>

Central Anatolia

The central Anatolia plateau forms the heartland of Turkey: ochre-hued, cleft by ravines and dominated by volcanic peaks. The boldly contoured steppe has a solitary majesty covered with wheat fields framed by ranks of poplars.

Central Anatolia

Cappadocia, Central Anatolia

 

The central Anatolia plateau was also cradle of human civilization. At Catalhoyuk, remains of settlements as old as the eight millenium BC have been unearthed. Here in the homeland of many civilizations and the historic battleground between East and West, the Hattis, Hittites, Phrygians, Galatians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks and Ottoman all fought for their sovereignty and established their rule. In the 11th century, migrating Turks from the east made the plateau their own. During its turbulent history, Central Anatolia has endured invasion by great conquerors, such as Alexander the great and Tamerlane. In the course of ten millennia of habitation, the denizens of the area have reflected in their art the dramatic contours of the surrounding landscape, from the vigorous paintings of Catalhoyuk and the confident lines of Seljuks architecture, to more recently, the impressive modern from of Ataturk’s mausoleum.

The most important city of central Anatolia is Ankara. Ankara is capital of Turkey. The city of Ankara lies in the center of Anatolia on the eastern edge of the great, high Anatolian Plateau, at an altitude of 850 meters. The province is a predominantly fertile wheat steppeland, with forested areas in the northeast. It is bordered by the provinces of Cankiri and Bolu to the north, Eskisehir to the west, Konya and Aksaray to the south, and Kirikkale nar Kirsehir to the east.

Central Anatolia

Mevlana Museum, Konya

The region’s history goes back to the Bronze Age Hatti Civilizaion, which was succeeded in the 2nd milliennium BC by the Hittites, in the 10th century BC by the Phrygians, then by the Lydians and Persians. After these came the Galatians, a Celtic race who were the first to make Ankara their capital in the 3rd century BC. It was then known as Ancyra, meaning “anchor” one of the oldest words in the language of the sea-loving Celts. The city subsequently fell to the Romans, and to the Byzantines. Seljuks Sultan Alparslan opened the door into Anatolia for Turks at the victory of Malazgirt in 1071. Then in 1073, he annexed Ankara, an important location for military transportation and natural resources, to Turkish territory.